What Is Dandruff? Dandruff is nothing more then dead skin cells on the scalp. Up to 70% of people will experience a little flaky skin from their scalp from time to time which is a mild case of dandruff. Common signs are appearances of white flakes on scalp, in the hair and on the upper body clothing. More sever cases may see think white crusty lumps on the scalp. There are two types of dandruff, pityriasis-capitis and Seborrhea dermatitis. Seborrhea dermatitis is a thick, oily dandruff that can look scaly and crusted. This occurs when the scalp is very greasy. Pityriasis-capitas consists of white dry flakes that fall from the scalp and is due to dry skin cells. The exact cause of dandruff is unknown but many dermatologists narrow it down to scalp care and diet. Although people suffering from dandruff can feel embarrassed and frustrated with the condition it is not contagious and is very treatable.
How to Treat Dandruff As stated dandruff is very treatable. With milder cases treating dandruff could just require more frequent shampooing.
It is believed that yeasty foods increase dandruff outbreaks. To reduce the outbreaks eat a healthy diet of fruit and vegetables to keep the skin fresh and healthy. Proper hydration levels will also help reduce the effects of dandruff. Vitamins B, C, D and E will help to increase skin health.
Some of the home remedies include washing your hair and scalp with mildly acidic products such as lemon juice, baking soda, tea leaves or apple cider vinegar. Other suggestions include rubbing down your scalp with table salt before showering to help loosen the skin cells. Sunlight is helpful in reducing dandruff but too much sun can also dry the scalp and made the symptoms worse.
For more aggressive cases there are specialized products.There are many shampoos out there for treating dandruff. These shampoos contain antifungal or antibiotic ingredients. However, since active ingredients vary from brand to brand, you may need to try more than one to find a formulation that works for your particular case and remember to follow the instruction on the bottle. Over the counter oils are also available to help moisten the scalp. These oils products contain ingredients such as coconut, olive and tea-tree oil.
If the condition still persists after several weeks of the above mentioned dandruff treatments consult your physician or dermatologist for further information on how to best treat your dandruff.