The Position of Iranian President in Iran Political Structure

The Iran political structure and Iranian presidential elections have global significance from the standpoints of its unique electoral system. The president, who is elected as the highest official in this country, second only to the Supreme Leader, by and large, serves a four-year term after getting elected directly by the citizens. However, according to this constitution, the Iranian president can not serve for more than two consecutive terms.

The Position Of President

The Iranian president assumes a great significance although he is not conferred with the highest power of the nation. As per the constitution, the president is responsible for the functions of the executives which include the following areas:

– Signing International agreements and treaties

– Signing agreements and treaties with any International organizations

– Appointing ministers, governors, ambassadors subject to the approval of the parliament

– National Planning and Budget

– State Employment Affairs

Role of the President in The State

As the head of the state, he performs a host of established functions including accepting the credentials of the ambassadors. After the Iranian constitution removed the position of Prime Minister and decided to merge all the primer ministerial duties with the President’s in 1989, the role of the of the  person in this position has assumed greater importance than ever before.

Moreover, elected as the highest official directly in the presidential elections, he is responsible and accountable to the people. Although, he is accountable to both the Supreme Leader and the people, he can independently take decisions and develop certain government policies of the country.

Other Functions of The President

Iranian president can formulate foreign policies with the help of National Security Council and approval of the Supreme Leader. However, all foreign policies are usually executed by minister of foreign affairs and secretary general of the security council. As a matter of fact, the secretary general of the security council plays a more important role in decisions related to the national economy and nuclear energy policies.

He also enjoys a great deal of power in the nomination and appointment of members to the parliament, called Majlis. Similarly, he has the discretion to sack any of the government members. Moreover, the president appoints the secretary of national security council, the ambassadors to foreign countries and the governors of the provinces in Iran as well.

Earlier, the discretion of appointing of city mayors was also with the president. However, according to the new rules of the Iranian constitution, the power of electing the mayors of the cities now lies with the local assemblies that are elected directly by the people.

The position of the president in Iran political structure has become stronger after the constitution merged the prime ministerial responsibilities with those of the president.