Mushroom Cultivation – CSIR – NEIST Technology
Recently I visited CSIR technofest 2010 showcased by Council of Scientific & Industrial Research, New Delhi, at India International Trade Fair in New Delhi, the Capital of India. In this technofest, I have seen a technology “Mushroom Cultivation” which was developed by NEIST (Noth East Institue of Science & Technology), Jorhat under the aegis of CSIR, New Delhi, India.
In India, mushroom cultivation started in mid sixties. There are two types of cultivation one is seasonal and second is round the year cultivation. Seasonal cultivation was done by hilly areas like Himachal Pradesh Northeast regions but round the year cultivation will be done all over India. More than fifty percent of production has been exporting to foreign countries.
Mushroom is a nutritious vegetable with high content of protein, Vitamin B12, folic acid, Lysine and tryptophan amino acids and a natural source vitamin D also.
Some infrastructure is required for mushroom cultivation. After this, farmer will be involved mushroom cultivation and harvesting of the activity. Mushroom will be grown on specially made material like paddy/wheat straw, wheat bran, urea etc in a closed door activity to maintain low temperature. This preparation has done through Spawn. The spent compost as a byproduct can be used as manure to the farmers in their field.
In a 250 square feet area, cultivator can get income approximately Rs.3000 (USD 70) per month. This is an additional income to the poor families in the rural areas. 1000 kg yield per year can be expected and Rs.60 per kg mushroom is the price of mushroom.
NEIST offers mushroom technology in the form of training, demonstration, advisory services, transfer of mushroom spawn technology and mushroom spawns
Product like dry mushroom, mushroom pickle, protein powder, prepared from mushrooms to get more profits for this cultivation.
The below links are more useful to know more details and information