Increased Health Risks Of Hormonal Changes

{flickr|100|campaign} Hormones, as mentioned, bring about growth and aging. They are released in large quantities during the development cycle of humans especially as they enter adolescence. They are seen as the cause of evident physical changes and emotional changes that are related to the development of the reproductive system.

The truth is that hormones are already at play even during the early stages of a person’s life. This is evidently shown by the presence of milk on the breasts of newborn babies. This is due to the hormone called estrogen passed by the mother to her unborn child during pregnancy.

Actually, hormones cause those changes by controlling the organs assigned to them. They are often called liquid chemical messengers and are produced by the body naturally but can be synthesized chemically. They carry out processes that control the activities of cells.

There are 10 glands in the endocrine system that produce a total of over 68 hormones. These glands are responsible for the cell activities of different organs in the body. Imagine what the wide effects of these hormones could have on the human body.

In order for these cell activities to be normal, hormones must come in the appropriate amounts needed by their target organs. This will determine the individuals growth, development, metabolism, tissue functions, and emotional condition. The abnormal increase or decrease in hormone production which is known as hormone imbalance may alter these functions. The effects of which may range from mild to severe. The two types of hormone imbalance therefore are aptly named hypersecretion and hyposecretion.

Premature aging is one inevitable cause of hormonal imbalance and may also aggravate serious ailments. With age there are many changes in the body systems. These changes make tissues and cells of target organs less sensitive to hormones. The result is that the body sends messages to the brain to increase or decrease hormone production. Gigantism is one example of excessive growth hormone opposite to dwarfism which is the condition of having too little of it.

Humoral factors are hormones that aid in the timely response of cells to protect against bacteria and other invading bodies. Decrease of these hormones may reduce immunity.

Thyroid hormones are responsible for metabolism. They are involved in regulating the body’s energy utilization by controlling food digestion. When the Thyroid does not produce enough hormones, the state of Hypothyroidism occurs. This causes mental retardation and developmental delay among the young, and also causes Goiter with adults. Goiter is also known as Grave’s disease. Cortisol is a hormone that helps the body to control blood sugar.

Cushing’s syndrome means the adrenal glands produce too much Cortisol while Addison’s disease means there is not enough of it.

Cancer is a severe condition that may result from hormonal imbalance. In most cases this is related to the hormones of the reproductive system in both men and women. Women with estrogen hormonal imbalance are at risk for uterine, cervical, and breast cancer; Men with testosterone imbalance on the other hand, are prone to prostate cancer.

Hormones play an important role in human development. When the human body is able to produce the right amounts of hormones and reach physiological stability, that is called Homeostasis. This means that the body has the right balance of fluids. It is able to fight infection effectively, able to maintain the right amounts of oxygen, and able to remove toxins in the blood.

As common as hormonal imbalance is, it can be treated. In Samitivej Hospital, one of the many places where human life is valued, doctors have been giving proper assistance to patients suffering from hormonal imbalance. These patients come with the desire to be healthy and leave after being able to achieve their own personal homeostasis using the best and safest treatment the hospital has to offer.