The pomegranate is a nice looking, small tree or rounded shrub that can grow to the height of 20 – 30 feet. The botanical name of pomegranate is Punica Granatum. This botanical name means “seeded apple”. Pomegranates typically live longer. The age of some specimens are more than 200 years. The fruit of pomegranate is fairly large and round. This fruit is 2.5 to 5 inches wide and the diameter is about 90 mm. A good fruit of pomegranate will possess a greater proportion of fleshy seeds. The plant of pomegranate is well adaptable to environmental conditions and can grow in any region that ranges from tropical to temperate.
The pomegranate plant may be semi – deciduous or deciduous. The deciduous nature of the plant depends on the temperature of the location where it grows. The best conditions for the production of this fruit exist in the states where rainfall has been minimum and late during summer season and summer is warm. Water should be present for irrigation purpose. If water is filled up to the pomegranate plant then chances for the rainfall to split the fruit gets minimized. Rainfall can also cause soft fruit that will result in undesirable diseases.
Well drained, deep and loamy type of soils are preferred for the pomegranate to grow but the pomegranate can also tolerate the soil that is less than the desired drainage. Pomegranate can also grow in mild alkaline conditions. Extremely hot temperature can also result in the sunburn injury on the pomegranate fruit. The interior of this fruit is separated by the spongy white tissue and the membranous walls into compartments that are packed with sacs and filled with sweetly whitish, juicy or the red pulp.
Plantings on a commercial basis should not be done from seeds because that may lead to too much variability in the fruit character. It is advisable to obtain the plants for planting only from any commercial nursery. The pomegranate is known for the health benefits it provides. The fruit of pomegranate contains many known compounds and some are potent antioxidant phenols.