Conjunctivitis is commonly name is pink eye. It is is an infection of the conjunctiva. Conjunctiva is a membrane that covers the sclera (white part of the eye) and lines the inside of the eyelids. Conjunctivitis can be caused by infections (such as bacteria and viruses), allergies, or substances that irritate the eyes. Three major agents associated with follicular conjunctivitis, preauricular adenopathy, and superficial keratitis are adenovirus, chlamydia, and herpes simplex.
Conjunctiva is a loose connective tissue that covers the surface of the eyeball (bulbar conjunctiva) and reflects back upon itself to form the inner layer of the eyelid. Inflammation of this membrane is called conjunctivitis. Its common name, pink eye, can refer to all forms of conjunctivitis, or just to its contagious forms. Sometimes a substance in the environment can irritate the eyes and cause pinkeye; for example, chemicals (such as chlorine and soaps) and air pollutants (such as smoke and fumes). Newborns are particularly susceptible to pinkeye and can be more prone to serious health complications. If a baby is born to a mother who has an STD, during delivery the bacteria or virus can pass from the birth canal into the baby’s eyes, causing pinkeye.
Causes and Risk Factors of Conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis can be classified as infectious or noninfectious.
Infectious conjunctivitis (pinkeye) accounts for 70 percent of all cases and is caused by either a bacteria (usually staphylococci, pneumococci, streptococci or chlamydia trachomatis) or a virus.
Bacterial conjunctivitis occurs in 50 percent of all cases, and viral conjunctivitis occurs in 20 percent. Infectious conjunctivitis is very contagious.
Noninfectious conjunctivitis (which accounts for the remaining 30 percent of all cases), can be caused by allergies (such as pollen or grass), chemicals (such as air pollutants, smoke or household cleaners), or underlying diseases (such as rheumatoid arthritis, cytomegalovirus (CMV), lupus, Kawasaki’s disease, ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease.
Additionally, conjunctivitis can be caused by hemorrhaging from trauma or changes in pressure within the head (subconjunctival hemorrhage).
An incompletely opened tear duct or herpetic conditions (such as herpes simplex or herpes zoster) also can cause conjunctivitis.
Eye mucus is medically referred to as rheum. The mucus which is produced by the cornea combines with skin, blood cells, dust and tears and forms a crust that collects near the eyelids during sleep. Tears and blinking prevents the accumulation of mucus and as such it does not occur during waking hours. Eye irritation can also cause a discharge of mucus that collects at the corners of the eyes. It can even occur due to an eye infection called conjunctivitis, commonly referred to as pink eye.
Conjunctivitis results in inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the membrane that sheaths the white of the eye. This inflammation causes redness, burning and increased mucus formation. Some amount of mucus discharge can also occur from eyes strain caused by continuous staring at a computer screen. Those who wear contact lenses also experience mucus formation in the eyes. Irritants such as smoke, wind and dust can also cause the eye to produce mucus.
Find powerful herbal remedies Treatment of Conjunctivitis
Most people experience eye mucus on waking up as the eyelids become crusted from the mucus that is released during sleep. In some individuals, however, the mucus formation may become excessive. This could result from vitamin deficiencies or poor diet. Increasing intake of vitamin A and consuming plenty of vegetables and fruits through the diet will help to tackle the problem of excessive eye mucus.
To get rid of eye mucus, gently wipe the eyes with a paper towel dipped in lukewarm water. Repeat this on both eyes until the mucus is removed. Every time you repeat, change the paper towel so that you don’t end up adding more dirt to the eyes. If the cause of eye mucus is the strain caused from the glare of the computer screen, place a plastic cover over the screen. Harsh lighting can also be the cause of eye mucus. Take a break from work by going for a short walk outdoor in order to relive the strain on the eyes.