Acid Reflux


Gastric acid flows into the gullet (esophagus)  from the stomach.  This acid is produced in the stomach and plays a role in the digestion of food.. The stomach is protected against this strong acid (hydrochloric acid) by the gastric mucosa.. The esophagus has no such protective lining and when the acid enters the esophagus it can bring on a wall damage or inflammation.

Acid Reflux Symptoms include: Acid Reflux Symptoms include:

Heartburn: a burning sensation behind the breast bone in the throat.
Regurgitation (return of food in the mouth). 
Chest pain. Chest pain.
Swallowing problems (dysphagia). 
Hoarseness, nocturnal cough, asthma and dental erosion (because the acid in the throat, mouth and airways of the lungs).

How do you get Acid Reflux?

At the bottom of the esophagus is a flap (lower esophageal sphincter) which ensures there is normally no stomach acid moving into the esophagus… Too much acid or the sphincter not working properly can cause stomach acid flowing into the esophagus .. This is called acid reflux…

If there are persistent acid reflux is called reflux disease (Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease abbreviated as GERD). The esophagus can be damaged by prolonged exposure to stomach acid and burn.. This is called reflux esophagitis.

How serious is Acid Reflux?

In a chronic inflammation of the esophagus there is ulcers,scarring and narrowing of the esophagus. This can give you swallowing problems and pain when passing food or even liquids.

The severity of the complaints is not a good measure of damage in the esophagus: one with relatively few symptoms may erntisge inflammation and someone with a lot of complaints not inflamed esophagus. In the long run can lead to esophageal acid reflux. In the long run it can lead to esophageal acid reflux. It is therefore important, when symptoms persist, consult your doctor. It is therefore important, when Symptoms persist, consult your doctor.

How long does Acid Reflux last?

Some people have only Occasionally suffer from acid reflux while for others its a daily, more serious and chronic problem.

How is Acid Reflux Treated?

The treatment is generally aimed at reducing the amount of stomach acid with medicines. This can bind the stomach acid (antacids) or to inhibit gastric acid (antacids).